• Slideshow Image 1

    © Leon Krige

  • Slideshow Image 1

    © Leon Krige

  • Slideshow Image 1

    © Sebastian Vilanek

  • Slideshow Image 1

    © Katharina Doblinger

  • Slideshow Image 1

    © Katharina Doblinger

  • Slideshow Image 1

    © Construction team

  • Slideshow Image 1

    © Construction team

IPHIKO classrooms / First part of a school complex / 2010 / Magagula Heights, South Africa

 

Design

Almhofer-Amerig Jürgen, Biskamp Janina, Derntl Johannes, Hinterseinter Rafael, Kaps Urs, König Corinna, Peball Katharina, Pilz Gerald, Porsch Patricia, Wolfsteiner Johannes

Supervision

Roland Gnaiger (overall supersvision), Richard Steger (design supervision), Elias Rubin (construction site, earthworks), Clemens Quirin (BASEhabitat), Oskar Pankratz (building physics)


Realization

Students of the department of architecture, University of Art Linz and the local community

 

Partner

SARCH - social sustainable architecture, Christoph Chorherr

 

Sponsors


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IPHIKO

IPHIKO means "wing". It is the first construction phase of the ITHUBA Primary School and consists of two primary school classes, a kitchen, a workshop, toilets and a sheltered garden courtyard for the youngest of the schoolchildren.

Large roofed outdoor areas offer shelter against the heavy rainfall and intensive sunshine in this region and can be used for outdoor lessons and during school breaks.

 

Designed and built by students of the Kunstuniversität Linz, a main concern in this building was to use construction methods appropriate to the climate, i.e.to build spaces whose climate can be regulated without the need for outside energy (heating and cooling).

 

The outside walls consist of a 30-cm-thick straw and earth mix that is rammed and condensed between formwork walls and, after it has dried out, rendered.

On account of negative experiences with regard to quality and origin of wood in South Africa the roof in IPHIKO is carried by slender steel trusses that make economic use of the material.

The trusses, which were welded by the students themselves, allow the roofs to project widely so that they protect the straw and earth elements from rainfall and give the complex a light, hovering appearance – like an IPHIKO or wing.

 

South Africa is an important producer of steel sections. Large amounts of straw, grasses and earth are available in the extensive steppe landscape of South Africa. We are confident that this method of building will be further developed locally and thus allow the inhabitants to become less dependent on (questionable) western models.

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